SOME 1870-1900 STEIN LIDS ARE MARKED 90% ON THE SHANK., MEANING ONLY 10% OF THE MIX WAS NOT TIN! THE GERMANS MADE 100’S OF FAKES IN THE LATE 1800’S AND VERY EARLY 1900’S TO MET THE NEW DEMAND IN THE USA AFTER SEVERAL BIG PEWTER DISPLAYS WERE HELD HERE. BE “VERY LEARY” OF ANY PIECE WITH THE MARKS STAMPED ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE LID OR ON THE BOTTOM OF THE LID INSIDE. ABOUT 95% OF THESE WILL HAVE A WRIGGLE WORK SCENE ON THEM TO ADD TO THE DECEPTION OF AGE.Copper and antimony are therefore added as hardening agents.The Association of British Pewter Craftsmen stipulates its members pewter is made up of a minimum of 90% tin, the remainder being composed of antimony and copper, and that a minimum of .026 gauge metal is used ensuring an adequate quality and weight is achieved.The photo resolution to determine some of the above is just not that good with the size photos on e Bay and many other web sites.
This is not comprehensive, or definitive and may only lead the reader to ask for better guidance – and some attempt to find that for the reader will be given later. But all I want to do is enthuse you, show you what I enjoy, and lead you to where you might want to find out more for yourself.
It was first used in the later 1600s - likely as not by a Yeoman family expressing their station in their society saying that they had Pewter Plates not wood because they had progressed and improved themselves.
They put their initials on it so it would be certain whose it was.
For me some of these marks are works of art, some are confusing, and when I began I wondered what they all meant.
To do this I intend to start by taking a plate – showing you firstly a photograph of it – and then showing you the Marks – that might be of interest to you - ( as to style, value, science, and market, I leave these matters to elsewhere on this web site or later I might guide you to others who can help answer your queries – this then is simply the Marks on the pewter piece – a beginners guide.)This is William Haward/Hayward (called himself - William Howard) working 1673 – 1688 in Drury Lane London - you can find who his apprentices were, and that he came from Gloucester and may have been related to other Hawards (whatever spelling) there in Gloucester.